Unable to conceive? Let Science help you with Assisted Reproductive Techniques.

An inability to get pregnant can be one of the most trying times in a couple’s life. With a torrent of emotions flying through their minds, this is also the time that can leave them distraught over something that is supposed to be the most basic ability among all living things – to procreate.  

With various scientific advances, it is now possible to opt for fertility therapy, involving various Assisted Reproduction Techniques in order to get pregnant.

Types of Assisted Reproduction Techniques (ART)

After a consultation with the doctor, the patient is suggested the following ART techniques, which include:

  • In Vitro Fertilisation
  • Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
  • Sperm donation, egg donation, surrogates
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) pronounced in-veetro-furtee-lie-sation:

When infertility occurs owing to inconsistencies with the sperm, endometriosis or issues with the fallopian tubes, this method is advised. During this procedure, the doctor will incubate the eggs and sperm in a dish and produce an embryo. This embryo is then carefully placed into the woman’s uterus and, if implanted successfully, will lead to the woman becoming pregnant (test tube baby).

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) pronounced intra-you-tay-reen in-say-mee-nation:

When infertility occurs due to any defect in the cervix, low sperm count, low mobility of the sperm, retrograde ejaculation and the inability to get an erection, this method is recommended. In this procedure (artificial insemination), the doctor will place the sperm into the woman’s uterus with the help of a narrow tube.

Sperm donation, egg donation and surrogates: 

The sperm donation technique can be used when a man is unable to produce the required quantity to stimulate the egg or when he is unable to produce any sperm or in the case of a genetic disorder. The sperm that is donated can be used in IVF or IUI. In case a woman produces eggs that cannot be fertilised owing to chemotherapy, ovary insufficiency, surgical removal of ovaries, birth without ovaries, being the carrier of a genetic disease or a low egg quality, this treatment is used. In this technique, the egg donor will donate her eggs after ovary stimulation and egg retrieval process (part of IVF) and this egg will be fertilized by the woman’s male companion. The embryo that results from this is then placed in her uterus. Surrogates are an option when the woman is unable to take her pregnancy to term, which means she is not able to get pregnant due to age, low egg count etc. In this technique, the woman, with or without her partner, may choose a surrogate to give birth to her child. The surrogate would be inseminated with sperm and the child that is born will have the genes of the male partner and the surrogate mother. In the case of a gestational carrier, the woman will be implanted with an embryo that is not biologically hers. This technique is useful when a woman produces healthy eggs but is not able to support and nurture the child for a period of 9 months.

Are you the right candidate for ART?

If you’re wondering about the techniques and if you could be a likely candidate for ART, read on. The right candidate for ART is a woman with fairly good health. The techniques in ART vary from candidate to candidate. This might be for you if:

  • You have tried since past 18 months and are unable to achieve pregnancy
  • You suffer from one of various types of infertility such as endometriosis, male factor infertility (where low sperm count creates issues), unhealthy eggs
  • You wish to control the genetics of the child
  • You are in a hurry to get pregnant and don’t want to wait and watch
  • You are a single woman, man or an LGBT couple

Success rate of ART

The age of the woman plays an important role in determining the success rate of ART. When the woman uses her own eggs, age plays a big role. As she ages, her success rate begins to decline. As her age increases, there is a higher chance of a miscarriage, at least over 40.

The number of embryos introduced into the uterus of the woman also determines the success factor. When more embryos are transferred, it does not necessarily increase chances of pregnancy, but they surely increase the chance of multiple births and its risks.  

Do these procedures pose any long-term health risk?

Although there is a risk of multiple pregnancies, there is not enough evidence to suggest that the effects of these procedures are serious enough to stop someone from getting pregnant.

 

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