9 things you absolutely need to stop doing in order to conceive


You’re probably already planning on  quitting smoking once you get pregnant (and you definitely should), but avoiding cigarettes now will be a huge benefit too. According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, it takes longer for smokers to conceive, and smoking makes a woman's eggs more prone to genetic abnormalities. Smoking increases the risk of  miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy. In fact, the habit wreaks so much havoc on fertility that female smokers who have in vitro fertilisation have to attempt it almost twice as many times as nonsmoking women do in order to conceive. Oh, and your partner should quit smoking too. Men who smoke cigarettes have lower sperm count and motility (swimming speed), and more sperm abnormalities.

Too much caffeine

Relax: You don't have to cut out your morning cuppa. But if you consume more than 200 milligrams of caffeine — that's about one to two eight-ounce cups — per day, you should ease up. Heavy caffeine consumption has been associated with fertility problems. Plus, you won't want to overdo it during pregnancy (caffeine interferes with your ability to absorb iron, can dehydrate you and, in high doses, can increase miscarriage and  preterm birth risk), so it's worth cutting back now.

Extremes in weight

Do you think you might be extremely overweight or underweight? Having a low BMI (18.5 or less) or a very high BMI (over 30) could cause you to have irregular or missed periods. And being extremely underweight could make you stop ovulating altogether.  Obesity can increase the risk of pregnancy complications such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, birth defects and the need for a c-section. So it's important to be at a healthy weight when you're trying to conceive.

If you fall into either of these categories, talk to your doctor about how to get to a healthy weight. You'll want to eat right, getting plenty of nutrients; exercise; and drink plenty of water. Often, even a small weight gain or loss is enough to get your body ready to make a baby, as long as it's done healthily.

Passing on the veggies

The jury's out on whether certain foods actually make you more fertile, but there's one thing the experts agree on: If your body's in a healthy state, you're more likely to conceive, so eating right is essential. The other important reason to say no to the fries and yes to the spinach salad is folic acid. This B vitamin is found in leafy greens and is important to have present in your body before and after conception to prevent birth defects. Doctors recommend you also take a vitamin with at least 400 micrograms of folic acid while you're trying to conceive.

Neglecting your teeth

If you've been lax, now's the time to get back on track with your dentist appointments — and make sure you're flossing. You and your partner should both get your pearly whites super-healthy before you get pregnant. Poor oral hygiene can affect a man's sperm, and if you have gum disease, it  could increase your risk of having a premature delivery and low-birth-weight baby. Yikes!

Being a couch potato

Keep making excuses not to exercise? Stop! One study found that doing regular, moderate physical activity—brisk walking, leisurely cycling, golfing and gardening—cut the amount of time it took women to get pregnant.

Extreme exercise

You want to stay fit, but you don't want to overdo it. In the same study we mentioned above, vigorous exercise increased the amount of time it took women to get pregnant. We're not saying to skip your morning run if that's what you've always done, but working out to the point of interfering with your menstrual cycle, as some marathon runners and gymnasts experience, can mess with your fertility.


Time to invest in a metal water bottle—BPA, aka bisphenol A, is a chemical found in plastic items, such as water bottles, food containers and even in the lining of aluminum cans. Some studies have led scientists to believe that high BPA exposure could mess with men's and women's fertility, potentially lowering sperm count or reducing the number of viable eggs. There's virtually no way to prevent BPA exposure altogether, but you can limit yours by avoiding canned foods and avoiding consuming anything from a plastic container with the recycling number 3 or 7 on it (usually on the bottom of the container).

Stressing out  

We've all got a little bit of stress in our lives, and experts disagree on whether stress can _cause _infertility. But there's evidence that chronic or intense stress can do a number on your reproductive system, and, well, having trouble getting pregnant can cause quite a bit of stress! So if you feel that your stress levels might be affecting your health and your ability to conceive, talk to your doctor about ways to cope. Several studies have found that alternative medicines, such as yoga and acupuncture, have actually shortened the time it took for infertility patients to get pregnant.