Spotting during pregnancy. All you need to know

spotting during pregnancy

Spotting or light bleeding is okay when pregnant; don’t worry if you do notice lighter blood (as compared to periods) during the early weeks.

Usually you will notice spotting around the same time that you were due for your periods and lasting a day or two. It most probably will not be very heavy flow and thus you might only notice it when you wipe yourself after using the toilet.

Reasons for spotting during pregnancy

Your chances of experiencing spotting are increased if you have conceived via IVF or any other fertility treatment. So if two fertilised eggs were introduced in your womb, one grows the other doesn’t which triggers bleeding.

Why spotting actually occurs is not completely proved but experts believe the following reasons may be why you experience some spotting.

  • Hormones responsible for your menstrual cycle may trigger the bleeding. This is known as Breakthrough bleeding and may happen more than once.
  • The fertilised egg embeds itself into the uterus lining causing bleeding. Chances of this happening are less as compared to Breakthrough bleeding
  • Pregnancy hormones affect the surface of the cervix, which increases the chances of bleeding. So any irritation in/to your cervix may cause it to bleed – like sex!
  • The placenta embeds itself on a fibroid which is growing on the lining of the uterus.
  • A cervical polyp which is a harmless growth in the cervix.
  • An infection in the vagina/ cervix.

What should I do if I notice bleeding?

Call a doctor if you notice bleeding, even if it has stopped. You may be sent in for further examination or an ultrasound scan. A scan will be able to rule out an ectopic pregnancy and ensure the wellbeing of the baby.

Serious causes for spotting and bleeding during pregnancy

During early pregnancy, bleeding can be a sign of miscarriage or an ectopic pregnancy. In both these cases, bleeding is accompanied with tummy and pelvic cramps..

Early miscarriage is mostly a result of a poorly developing foetus. In this case the bleeding may become steadily heavier. While early miscarriage is heartbreaking, it is also fairly common.

An ectopic pregnancy is one where the fertilised egg gets implanted outside of your uterus.This results in dark bleeding and can make you seriously ill if not removed quickly.

Even if the bleeding ceases it is best to keep an eye for other symptoms and also to have yourself checked.

What can you do about spotting in pregnancy?

To help manage bleeding or spotting during pregnancy and to ensure the chances of a healthy pregnancy, your doctor may encourage you to do the following:

  • Take complete bed rest
  • Limit physical exertion and activity
  • Keep feet elevated when possible
  • Completely avoid lifting anything above 10 pounds

You must remember, the good news is that the majority of women who go through spotting during pregnancy have a healthy pregnancy.