Protein in Urine During Pregnancy – What it Means?

protein in urine during pregnancy

Protein in Urine During Pregnancy - What it Means

Protein in your urine during pregnancy in small quantities is normal as your kidney is now working harder. In larger quantities though it could indicate a kidney dysfunction or infection in which case it is best to have it investigated further.

Protein in the urine could be because of any of the following:

Causes of protein in urine during pregnancy

  • Preeclampsia
    The usual symptoms of Preeclampsia are high blood pressure and presence of protein in the urine. This could lead to complications for you and your baby. If you observe any of the symptoms (headaches, swelling of hands, face and feet, nausea, etc.) consult your gynaecologist. Early detection and treatment could ensure a smooth pregnancy and healthy baby.
  • Urinary Tract Infection
    A need to urinate more frequently than usual and a discomfort when doing so is a sign of a urinary tract infection. If not treated it could lead to kidney infections too. A Urinary Tract Infection may cause premature labour and low birth weight babies.
  • Others
    Emotional stress, exposure to high temperatures, fever, dehydration, certain medications and strenuous exercises could also lead to the presence of protein in the urine.

Also medical conditions such as diabetes, arthritis, leukaemia, etc. could also cause

protein to be found in the urine.

How to test for protein in urine during pregnancy

Indications that you may have protein in your urine are – swollen hands, feet and face, foamy urine, constant headaches, blurring of vision, persistent heartburn, etc.

Your doctor will diagnose whether you have protein in your pregnancy doing a regular prenatal test. There might be further lab tests conducted on the urine to see what kind of an infection you might have and to prescribe appropriate antibiotics, if needed.

When to visit the doctor ?

Mid-pregnancy is when you should be on the lookout for symptoms of preeclampsia. In case you experience any of the symptoms, consult your gynaecologist.