List of routine pregnancy tests: (above 35 and below 35)

A very intrinsic part of your prenatal regime will be numerous pregnancy tests which will be done to ensure that your baby is healthy. Abnormalities if any are also detected through these tests and the required precautions and treatment can be planned.

Age does play an important role on your pregnancy and the baby’s health so there might be a few additional tests that you will have to undergo. Above 35yrs of age you have an increased risk of complications like high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, placenta praevia, preeclampsia, ectopic pregnancy, etc. The corresponding tests thus become more essential.

  1. Blood test to confirm your blood group, Rh (rhesus factor), haemoglobin levels and glucose levels (Gestational Diabetes). Above 35 years the risks of Gestational Diabetes are higher.
  2. Ultrasounds: The ultrasounds are done periodically to check if the foetal growth is alright and detect chromosomal problems if any. Around 11-13 weeks an ultra sound will be done to check for Down’s syndrome. Above 35 you have a higher risk of your child having it.
  1. Blood Pressure: This is done to check for signs of hypertension. It could also be a sign of preeclampsia. At 35yrs plus you are at a higher risk.
  1. Urine: Urine will be tested for various parameters such as proteins, albumin, etc. Protein in the urine could be a sign of preeclampsia. At 35plus you are at a higher risk of preeclampsia.

Tests specifically prescribed if you are above 35yrs of age are:

  1. Amniocentesis: Amniotic fluid is tested to detect risks of Down’s syndrome.
  2. Blood test around weeks 10 and 13 to test for Down’s syndrome and other chromosomal abnormalities.
  3. Chronic Villi Sampling: Tests on cells of the placenta where the foetus has embedded itself. Detects birth defects, genetic diseases, etc.

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