I have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes: What must I know about it

When pregnant, your placenta secretes hormones that could lead to sugar build up in

the blood. The pancreas normally secretes enough insulin to keep the level of sugar in

check but if it cannot, you could develop gestational diabetes.

So your blood tests are back and you have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes?

Not to worry really if you are willing to follow the treatment schedule closely now.

The possible complications that could arise if you do not control your sugar now are –

 Too much sugar in your blood could mean it could cross over to your baby across

the placenta. This could lead to her growing to be too large (called Macrosomia)

which could mean a difficult labour and a possible c-sec.

 A large baby could mean high blood sugar levels for the baby at birth and a

possibility of becoming obese later.

 This puts you at risk of developing preeclampsia which could mean the baby

after birth could have problems like jaundice, breathing issues and low blood

sugar (called Hypoglycaemia.)

The gynaecologist may now recommend monitoring your blood sugar 4-5times a day

now.

So here is what you should do now –

 Get your diet checked and start eating healthy

 Start exercising, if not anything else at least walk at least for 30mins a day

 Keep track of what you are eating; it will give you an idea of the ones spiking

your sugar levels. You could avoid them thereafter

If these don’t control the sugar you may be prescribed medication or insulin injections.

Gestational diabetes will most probably go away post the birth of the baby but it is

likely that later in life you could develop Type 2 diabetes.

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