Water borne diseases to watch out for this monsoon

Rain Rain, go away
Come again another day!

That may as well be the mommy song for most mothers with school going kids. There is no place on earth that is a more fertile ground for germs and bacteria than the schools in India. The moisture from the rains and the subsequent heat, spawn a thousand different strains of bacteria to keep a paediatrician busy all season long.  

Here are five common water borne diseases with their symptoms.

Typhoid

Caused by: Bacterium Salmonella typhi

Symptoms: High fever, chills, headache, diarrhoea

Diagnosis: Stool Test

Typhoid fever is contracted by drinking or eating the bacteria in contaminated food or water. People with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through stool, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. Contamination of the water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. The bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.

Dengue

Caused by: mosquitoes

Symptoms: fever, body aches, joint pain, and rash

Diagnosis: Blood test (Antibody titer for dengue virus, Complete blood count, Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for dengue virus, Liver function test ).

Dengue Fever is a viral infection that’s carried by tiger mosquito, which has black and yellow stripes and typically bite in the early morning or  mostly at dawn. These mosquitoes are also known to spread the Chikungunya fever virus. Dengue is most common in India during the few months after the monsoon, but also occurs during the monsoon season.

Malaria

Caused by: Stagnant water mosquitoes

Symptoms: Rapid rise and fall in body temperature and tremendous sweating

Diagnosis: Blood Test

Malaria is another mosquito transmitted disease that’s common during and after the monsoons. This is when mosquitoes have had a chance to breed stagnant waters that are scattered across the countryside in big cities and smaller towns.

Viral Fever

Caused by: Virus laden water droplets from infected

Symptoms: Fatigue, chills, body aches, runny nose, sore throat, cough, hoarseness, muscle aches and fevers.

Diagnosis: Visit your doctor

Viral fever is quite common in India during the rainy months. The illness is usually transmitted through the air by droplets from infected people. It lasts from three to seven days, with the fever at its most severe in the first three days. Some of these viral fever symptoms at times may give way to respiratory problems and may as well develop into serious cases of pneumonia.

Allergies and Hay Fever

Caused by: Pollens

Symptoms: inflammation in the lining of the nose and eyes as well as allergic bronchitis, and breathing problems.

Diagnosis: Visit your doctor

Many trees start pollinating during the September in India, triggering seasonal allergies among the local population and more so amongst visiting tourists and travelers..

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